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Micronutrient Information Center

References: Micronutrients and Skin Health


1.  Purba MB, Kouris-Blazos A, Wattanapenpaiboon N, et al. Skin wrinkling: can food make a difference? J Am Coll Nutr 2001;20:71-80.  (PubMed)

2.  Cosgrove MC, Franco OH, Granger SP, Murray PG, Mayes AE. Dietary nutrient intakes and skin-aging appearance among middle-aged American women. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;86:1225-1231.  (PubMed)

3.  Boelsma E, van de Vijver LP, Goldbohm RA, Klopping-Ketelaars IA, Hendriks HF, Roza L. Human skin condition and its associations with nutrient concentrations in serum and diet. Am J Clin Nutr 2003;77:348-355.  (PubMed)

4.  Roe DA. Nutrition and the skin. New York: Liss; 1986.

5.  Madison KC. Barrier function of the skin: "la raison d'etre" of the epidermis. J Invest Dermatol 2003;121:231-241.  (PubMed)

6.  Freinkel RK, Woodley D. The biology of the skin. New York: Parthenon Pub. Group; 2001.

7.  Odland GF. Structure of the skin. In: Goldsmith LA, ed. Physiology, biochemistry, and molecular biology of the skin. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 1991:3-62.

8.  Goldsmith LA. Physiology, biochemistry, and molecular biology of the skin. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 1991.

9.  DeBuys HV, Levy SB, Murray JC, Madey DL, Pinnell SR. Modern approaches to photoprotection. Dermatol Clin 2000;18:577-590.  (PubMed)

10.  Sander CS, Chang H, Salzmann S, et al. Photoaging is associated with protein oxidation in human skin in vivo. J Invest Dermatol 2002;118:618-625.  (PubMed)

11.  Darr D, Fridovich I. Free radicals in cutaneous biology. J Invest Dermatol 1994;102:671-675.  (PubMed)

12.  Pinnell SR. Cutaneous photodamage, oxidative stress, and topical antioxidant protection. J Am Acad Dermatol 2003;48:1-19; quiz 20-2.  (PubMed)

13.  Kligman LH, Kligman AM. The nature of photoaging: its prevention and repair. Photodermatol 1986;3:215-227.  (PubMed)

14.  Berneburg M, Plettenberg H, Krutmann J. Photoaging of human skin. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2000;16:239-244.  (PubMed)

15.  Kang S, Fisher GJ, Voorhees JJ. Photoaging: pathogenesis, prevention, and treatment. Clin Geriatr Med 2001;17:643-659, v-vi.  (PubMed)

16.  Rhie G, Shin MH, Seo JY, et al. Aging- and photoaging-dependent changes of enzymic and nonenzymic antioxidants in the epidermis and dermis of human skin in vivo. J Invest Dermatol 2001;117:1212-1217.  (PubMed)

17.  Shindo Y, Witt E, Han D, Epstein W, Packer L. Enzymic and non-enzymic antioxidants in epidermis and dermis of human skin. J Invest Dermatol 1994;102:122-124.  (PubMed)

18.  Shindo Y, Witt E, Han D, Packer L. Dose-response effects of acute ultraviolet irradiation on antioxidants and molecular markers of oxidation in murine epidermis and dermis. J Invest Dermatol 1994;102:470-475.  (PubMed)

19.  Shindo Y, Witt E, Packer L. Antioxidant defense mechanisms in murine epidermis and dermis and their responses to ultraviolet light. J Invest Dermatol 1993;100:260-265.  (PubMed)

20.  Rawlings AV, Matts PJ. Stratum corneum moisturization at the molecular level: an update in relation to the dry skin cycle. J Invest Dermatol 2005;124:1099-1110.  (PubMed)

21.  Rawlings AV, Scott IR, Harding CR, Bowser PA. Stratum corneum moisturization at the molecular level. J Invest Dermatol 1994;103:731-741.  (PubMed)

22.  Proksch E, Feingold KR, Elias PM. Epidermal HMG CoA reductase activity in essential fatty acid deficiency: barrier requirements rather than eicosanoid generation regulate cholesterol synthesis. J Invest Dermatol 1992;99:216-220.  (PubMed)

23.  Rawlings AV. Trends in stratum corneum research and the management of dry skin conditions. Int J Cosmet Sci 2003;25:63-95.  (PubMed)

24.  Kligman AM, Zheng P, Lavker RM. The anatomy and pathogenesis of wrinkles. Br J Dermatol 1985;113:37-42.  (PubMed)

25.  Contet-Audonneau JL, Jeanmaire C, Pauly G. A histological study of human wrinkle structures: comparison between sun-exposed areas of the face, with or without wrinkles, and sun-protected areas. Br J Dermatol 1999;140:1038-1047.  (PubMed)

26.  Craven NM, Watson RE, Jones CJ, Shuttleworth CA, Kielty CM, Griffiths CE. Clinical features of photodamaged human skin are associated with a reduction in collagen VII. Br J Dermatol 1997;137:344-350.  (PubMed)

27.  Baumann L. Skin ageing and its treatment. J Pathol 2007;211:241-251.  (PubMed)

28.  Gilchrest BA, Stoff JS, Soter NA. Chronologic aging alters the response to ultraviolet-induced inflammation in human skin. J Invest Dermatol 1982;79:11-15.  (PubMed)

29.  Farage MA, Miller KW, Elsner P, Maibach HI. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors in skin ageing: a review. Int J Cosmet Sci 2008;30:87-95.  (PubMed)

30.  Martin P. Wound healing--aiming for perfect skin regeneration. Science 1997;276:75-81.  (PubMed)

31.  Singer AJ, Clark RA. Cutaneous wound healing. N Engl J Med 1999;341:738-746.  (PubMed)

32.  Thompson C, Fuhrman MP. Nutrients and wound healing: still searching for the magic bullet. Nutr Clin Pract 2005;20:331-347.  (PubMed)

33.  El-Domyati M, Attia S, Saleh F, et al. Intrinsic aging vs. photoaging: a comparative histopathological, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural study of skin. Exp Dermatol 2002;11:398-405.  (PubMed)

34.  Fenske NA, Lober CW. Structural and functional changes of normal aging skin. J Am Acad Dermatol 1986;15:571-585.  (PubMed)

35.  Freinkel RK. Metabolism of skin. In: Freinkel RK, Woodley D, eds. The biology of the skin. New York: Parthenon Pub. Group; 2001:191-199.

36.  Van Hattem S, Bootsma AH, Thio HB. Skin manifestations of diabetes. Cleve Clin J Med 2008;75:772, 4, 6-7 passim.  (PubMed)

37.  Obled C, Arnal M. Contribution of skin to whole-body protein synthesis in rats at different stages of maturity. J Nutr 1992;122:2167-2173.  (PubMed)

38.  Steenvoorden DP, van Henegouwen GM. The use of endogenous antioxidants to improve photoprotection. J Photochem Photobiol B 1997;41:1-10.  (PubMed)

39.  Zussman J, Ahdout J, Kim J. Vitamins and photoaging: do scientific data support their use? J Am Acad Dermatol 2010;63:507-525.  (PubMed)

40.  Nagata C, Nakamura K, Wada K, et al. Association of dietary fat, vegetables and antioxidant micronutrients with skin ageing in Japanese women. Br J Nutr 2010;103:1493-1498.  (PubMed)