The prize is sponsored by the Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University. The LPI functions from the basic premise that an optimum diet and a healthy lifestyle are the key to optimum health. LPI's mission is to determine the function and role of vitamins, essential minerals, and phytochemicals in promoting optimum health and preventing and treating disease; and to determine the role of oxidative/nitrative stress and antioxidants in human health and disease. Major areas of research in the Institute encompass cardiovascular disease, cancer, aging, and neurodegenerative diseases. The goal of LPI's outreach and education is to help people everywhere achieve a healthy and productive life, full of vitality, with minimal suffering, and free of cancer and other debilitating diseases.
The prize is awarded biennially. The recipient of the inaugural 2001 prize was Bruce N. Ames from the University of California, Berkeley, and Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute. The 2003 prize went to Harvard University's Walter C. Willett, and the 2005 Prize to Paul Talalay from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Our 2007 prize winner was Mark Levine from the National Institutes of Health, and the 2009 prize winner was Michael Holick from Boston University School of Medicine. Connie Weaver from Purdue University was the 2011 prize recipient. Helmut Sies from the Heinrich Heine University of Düsseldorf in Germany was the 2013 recipient. George Bailey, Oregon State University professor emeritus, was awarded posthumously the 2015 prize.
The prize recognizes innovation and excellence in research relating to the roles of vitamins, essential minerals, and phytochemicals in promoting optimum health and preventing or treating disease; and the roles of oxidative/nitrative stress and antioxidants in human health and disease. The goal is to stimulate innovative research that enhances our knowledge of the role of diet and lifestyle in the primary and secondary prevention of disease; and the role of oxidative/nitrative stress in disease pathology. The prize also recognizes successful efforts to disseminate and implement knowledge on diet, lifestyle, and health to enhance public health and reduce suffering from disease.