TitleAssociation between hyperlipidemia and hepatic cytochrome P-450 in guinea pigs.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsRoomi MW
JournalRes Commun Mol Pathol Pharmacol
Date Published1997 Aug
KeywordsAnimals, Ascorbic Acid, Ascorbic Acid Deficiency, Cholesterol, Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System, Enzyme Induction, Guinea Pigs, Hyperlipidemias, Lipoproteins, HDL, Lipoproteins, LDL, Liver, Male, Triglycerides

The effects of ascorbic acid (AA) or vitamin C in atherosclerosis has attracted considerable attention; however results of clinical studies are conflicting. Several studies indicate an increase in plasma triglyceride (TG) and cholesterol (CH) levels in guinea pigs (GP) that have been fed a diet containing a minimal amount of AA. Previous studies carried out in GP fed a diet devoid of AA showed a significant decrease in cytochrome P-450 level compared to GP fed high and adequate amounts; however, the level of cytochrome P-450 in the two groups were not significantly different. The enzymes that synthesize TG and CH are located in endoplasmic reticulum which is also the site for cytochrome P-450 synthesis. It is of interest to determine whether there is an association between TG and CH synthesis and cytochrome P-450 induction. Adult male Hartley GP weighing 350-400 g were fed a diet containing 2.5% (Group I), 0.1% (Group II) and 0% (Group III) AA. The food consumption and weight gain were not significantly different in different groups. After feeding the diet for four weeks, half of the animals in each group were starved. Blood was withdrawn and TG and CH were determined in the serum. TG and CH were markedly elevated in both starved and nonstarved Group III GP; however, these levels were not altered in Group 1 and Group II GP. Plasma AA showed significant differences in all three nonstarved and starved groups. Plasma alpha-lipoprotein was decreased and beta-lipoprotein was increased in Group III GP. Hepatic CH and TG were also significantly elevated in Group III GP, and Groups I and II showed no changes. TG and CH showed a negative correlation with cytochrome P-450, whereas CH and TG showed a positive correlation. We conclude that AA deficiency causes extensive hyperlipidemia, feeding high level of AA does not alter the lipid metabolism and induction ofcytochrome P-450 is inversely related to TG and CH synthesis.

Alternate JournalRes. Commun. Mol. Pathol. Pharmacol.
PubMed ID9344227