Title(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate inhibits Met signaling, proliferation, and invasiveness in human colon cancer cells.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsLarsen CA, Dashwood RH
JournalArch Biochem Biophys
Date Published2010 Sep 01
KeywordsAntineoplastic Agents, Catechin, Cell Proliferation, Cell Survival, Colonic Neoplasms, HCT116 Cells, Hepatocyte Growth Factor, Humans, Indoles, Neoplasm Invasiveness, Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases, Piperazines, Protein Kinase Inhibitors, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met, Receptors, Growth Factor, Signal Transduction, Sulfonamides, Tea

The Met receptor tyrosine kinase is deregulated in a variety of cancers and is correlated with advanced stage and poor prognosis. Thus, Met has been identified as an attractive candidate for targeted therapy. We compared the tea polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and a specific Met inhibitor, SU11274, as suppressing agents of Met signaling in HCT116 human colon cancer cells. Treatment with hepatocyte growth factor increased phospho-Met levels, and this was inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner by EGCG and SU11274 (IC(50) 3.0 vs. 0.05muM, respectively). Downstream activation of Erk and Akt signaling pathways also was suppressed. Both compounds at a concentration of 5muM lowered cell viability and proliferation, with EGCG being more effective than SU11274, and the invasion of colon cancer cells in Matrigel assays was strongly inhibited. These findings are discussed in the context of the pleiotropic effects of tea catechins, their tissue metabolite levels, and the potential to inhibit colon cancer metastasis and invasion.

Alternate JournalArch. Biochem. Biophys.
PubMed ID20361925
PubMed Central IDPMC2916072
Grant ListP01 CA090890 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
P30 ES000210-409018 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States
P01 CA090890-01A20003 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
P30 ES00210 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States
P30 ES000210 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States