TitleAn immunohistochemical and histochemical study of cytokeratin, involucrin and transglutaminase in seborrhoeic keratosis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1993
AuthorsBroekaert D, Leigh IM, Lane EB, Van Muijen GN, Ramaekers FC, De Bersaques J, Coucke P
JournalArch Dermatol Res
Date Published1993
KeywordsHumans, Immunohistochemistry, Keratins, Keratosis, Seborrheic, Protein Precursors, Transglutaminases, Vimentin

The mode of differentiation of seborrhoeic keratoses was investigated by immunohistochemical staining using cytokeratin (CK) polypeptide-specific monoclonal antibodies and an antibody specific for the particulate form of epidermal transglutaminase (ETgase), and by applying an anti-human involucrin serum. The role played by (E)Tgase was further evaluated using an activity assay based on the covalent attachment of monodansylcadaverine. Samples of uninvolved epidermis served as reference tissue. CK reactivities suggested that seborrhoeic keratoses is a hyperproliferative disease with an epidermal CK composition. CK5 and CK14 were prominent markers of basal and basaloid keratinocytes, whereas a decrease in staining occurred in advanced maturation stages and areas of terminal keratinization. In contrast, CK1 and CK10 were prominent markers of suprabasaloid differentiation stages and produced complementary stainings to those of CK5 and 14. Generally, CK10 staining was more impressive than CK1 staining and seemed to start before CK1 staining. In contrast to CK10 staining, cornified areas lost CK1 reactivity. These staining patterns were similar to those observed in uninvolved reference tissues. The epidermal CK subset was further supplemented with the 'hyperproliferative' CK6 and 16 which occur sequentially. Positive staining for CK6 was noted from basal and proximal basaloid cells onwards, whereas distal basaloid cells additionally showed CK16 staining. The presence of other non-epidermal CK polypeptides could not be shown. The competence for other differentiation markers belonging to the group of (E)Tgase and cornifying cell membranes also evolved with a typical epidermal pattern. (E)Tgase activity was restricted to advanced and terminal stages of keratinization and was dual in nature, i.e. a diffuse cytoplasmic staining occurred together with a prominent staining of cornifying cell membranes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PubMed ID7506018