TitleMyeloperoxidase-dependent caspase-3 activation and apoptosis in HL-60 cells: protection by the antioxidants ascorbate and (dihydro)lipoic acid.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsMyzak MC, Carr AC
JournalRedox Rep
Date Published2002
KeywordsAntioxidants, Apoptosis, Ascorbic Acid, Caspase 3, Caspases, DNA Fragmentation, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Enzyme Activation, HL-60 Cells, Humans, Hydrogen Peroxide, Oxygen, Peroxidase, Thioctic Acid

The heme enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO) has recently been implicated in hydrogen peroxide H(2)O(2)-induced apoptosis of HL-60 human leukemia cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanism(s) of MPO-mediated apoptosis, in particular caspase-3 activation, and to determine the effects of the antioxidants ascorbate and (dihydro)lipoic acid. Incubation of HL-60 cells (1 x 10(6) cells/ml media) with H(2)O(2) (0-200 microM) resulted in dose-dependent stimulation of caspase-3 activity, DNA fragmentation, and morphological changes associated with apoptosis. Caspase-3 activity, DNA fragmentation and apoptosis were maximal at approximately 50 microM H(2)O(2). Pre-incubation of the cells with the MPO-specific inhibitor 4-aminobenzoic acid hydrazide (ABAH) and the heme enzyme inhibitor 3-aminotriazole (100 microM each) resulted in complete and partial inhibition, respectively, of intracellular MPO, caspase-3 activity, and apoptosis following addition of 50 microM H(2)O(2). Enhancement of cellular antioxidant status by pre-incubation of the cells with dehydro-ascorbic acid and lipoic acid, which are reduced intracellularly to ascorbate and dihydrolipoic acid, respectively, afforded protection against caspase-3 activation and apoptosis following addition of H(2)O(2). Addition of high concentrations of H(2)O(2) (200 microM) to cells pre-incubated with lipoic acid, however, resulted in cytotoxicity. Overall, our data indicate that MPO-derived oxidants, rather than H(2)O(2) itself, are involved in caspase-3 activation and apoptosis in HL-60 cells, and the antioxidants ascorbate and (dihydro)lipoic acid inhibit caspase-3 activation and apoptosis in these cells, likely via scavenging the MPO-derived oxidants.

Alternate JournalRedox Rep.
PubMed ID11981455