|Title||Regulation of xenobiotic metabolism, the only signaling function of alpha-tocopherol?|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Journal||Mol Nutr Food Res|
|Date Published||2010 May|
|Keywords||alpha-Tocopherol, Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A, Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System, Cytochrome P450 Family 4, gamma-Tocopherol, Homeostasis, Humans, Liver, Pregnane X Receptor, Receptors, Steroid, Signal Transduction, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Xenobiotics|
There is growing concern based on meta-analyses of clinical trials using vitamin E supplements that these supplements increase the risk of all-cause mortality in humans. My laboratory has been investigating the metabolism and disposition of "excess" vitamin E. This review focuses on the various mechanisms that prevent vitamin E intoxication. Non-alpha-tocopherols are aggressively metabolized thereby preventing their tissue accumulation and limiting increases in their plasma concentrations. Moreover, "excess" alpha-tocopherol is also metabolized and its concentrations are limited. The mechanisms for this limitation do not seem to be specific for vitamin E, but rather are general xenobiotic pathways. We suggest that the most relevant cytochrome P450-mediated pathway is the one that is most important for the regulation and activation of vitamin K, specifically the one dependent on CYP4F2.
|Alternate Journal||Mol Nutr Food Res|