TitleTranscriptional control and transcriptomic analysis of lipid metabolism in skin barrier formation and atopic dermatitis (AD).
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsBhattacharya N, Ganguli-Indra G, Indra AK
JournalExpert Rev Proteomics
Date Published2019 08
KeywordsDermatitis, Atopic, Humans, Lipid Metabolism, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Skin, Transcriptome

: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a multifactorial ailment associated with barrier breach and intense systemic inflammation. Several studies over the years have shown the complex interplay of a large number of factors in governing the progression and outcome of AD. In addition to the diverse types of AD resulting due to variation in the intrinsic mechanisms giving rise to AD such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), epigenetic alterations or transcriptional changes, extrinsic factors such as age, ancestry, ethnicity, immunological background of the subject, the interactions of the subject with environmental stimuli and existing microbiome in the periphery surrounding the subject account for further heterogeneity in the clinical manifestations of the disease. : Here we have selectively discussed transcriptional regulation of genes associated with skin lipid metabolism in the context of AD. Transcriptional control and transcriptomic changes are just one face of this multifaceted disease known to affect humans and a detailed study concerning those will enable us to develop targeted therapies to deal with the disease. : Large-scale integration of different omics approaches (genomics, epigenomics, transcriptomics, lipidomics, proteomics, metabolomics, effect of exposome) will help identify the potential candidate gene(s) associated with the development of various endotypes of AD.

Alternate JournalExpert Rev Proteomics
PubMed ID31322970
PubMed Central IDPMC6754180
Grant ListR15 AR068584 / AR / NIAMS NIH HHS / United States