|Title||Yeast-containing feed additive alters gene expression profiles associated with innate immunity in whole blood of a rodent model.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Branson JA, McLean DJ, Forsberg NE, Bobe G|
|Date Published||2016 05|
|Keywords||Adaptive Immunity, Animal Feed, Animals, Animals, Inbred Strains, Antigens, CD1d, B7-1 Antigen, Blood Cells, Cattle, Diet, Food Additives, Immunity, Innate, Male, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 8, Nod2 Signaling Adaptor Protein, Rats, Toll-Like Receptor 1, Toll-Like Receptor 2, Transcriptome, Up-Regulation, Yeasts|
Feeding a yeast-containing additive (YCA; OmniGen-AF) improves immune responses in ruminant livestock and reduces subsequent production losses. The objective was to identify molecular pathways by which dietary YCA may modify immune responses using a rodent model. Thirty-seven healthy, unchallenged CD rats received a diet containing 0 (control; n = 5, only 28 d), 0.5% (n = 15) or 1% (n = 17) YCA for 7 (n = 4/group), 14 (n = 3 or 4/group), 21 (n = 3 or 4/group) or 28 (n = 5/group) d. At the end of the feeding periods, whole blood was collected and the isolated RNA was analyzed for the expression of 84 genes involved in innate and cell-mediated adaptive immune responses. Three bacterial pattern recognition receptors TLR1 (0.5%: + 2.01; 1%: + 2.38), TLR6 (0.5%: + 2.11; 1%: + 2.34) and NOD2 (0.5%: + 2.32; 1%: + 2.23), two APC surface receptors CD1D1 (0.5%: + 1.75; 1%: + 2.33) and CD80 (0.5%: +2.45; 1%: +3.00), and the cell signaling molecule MAPK8 (0.5%: +1.87; 1%: +2.35) were significantly up-regulated by YCA at both inclusion rates. In conclusion, feeding YCA may potentially increase recognition and responses to bacterial pathogens and T-cell activation and differentiation and thereby maintain health and prevent production losses.
|Alternate Journal||Innate Immun|