TitleProfiling of Oxylipins as Markers of Oxidative Stress in Biological Samples.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsYang L, Choi J, Maier CS, Stevens JF
JournalCurr Protoc
Date Published2024 Mar
KeywordsAnimals, Fatty Acids, Fatty Acids, Nonesterified, Fish Oils, Linoleic Acid, Mice, Oxidative Stress, Oxylipins

Oxylipins are oxidized metabolites of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). They represent a class of risk markers and/or therapeutic targets for diseases associated with inflammation, including cardiovascular disease and brain disorders. Because the biological activities of free PUFAs and oxylipins depend on their chemical structures and concentrations, monitoring PUFAs and oxylipin levels in biological systems is critical for understanding their roles in health and disease. Traditionally, accurate quantification of free PUFAs and oxylipins in biological samples was performed separately, as PUFAs are often 1000-fold more abundant than the derived oxidized fatty acids (oxylipins). This article describes a liquid chromatography multiple reaction monitoring tandem mass spectrometry method for the quantitative analysis of five free PUFAs and 88 oxylipins in various biological fluids, including plasma, platelet supernatants, and tissues. The same approach can also be used in conjunction with an alkaline hydrolysis step to quantify total oxylipins in fish oils. We observed that in some samples, linoleic acid levels in plasma and eicosapentaenoic acid and arachidonic acid levels in brain tissue were above the upper limit of quantification. To address this issue, we developed a data analysis method to obtain PUFA and oxylipin concentrations in these samples without additional sample preparation, thus significantly saving time and labor. © 2024 Wiley Periodicals LLC. Basic Protocol: Quantification of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and oxylipins using liquid chromatography multiple reaction monitoring tandem mass spectrometry Support Protocol 1: Preparation of internal standard mixed working solution Support Protocol 2: Preparation of standard mixed stock solution Support Protocol 3: Preparation of standard mixed working solution Alternate Protocol 1: Extraction and quantitation of free PUFAs and oxylipins from mouse brain tissue Alternate Protocol 2: Extraction and quantitation of total PUFAs and oxylipins from fish oil.

Alternate JournalCurr Protoc
PubMed ID38439570